As marijuana laws evolve across the country with more states approving medical and recreational cannabis use, you may be wondering what the laws are in your state. Among the 34 states that have legalized either medical cannabis use, or medical and recreational use, only 18 states including Washington, D.C. allow some form of home growing marijuana.
States that Do Not Allow Any Form of Medical or Recreational Marijuana
Let’s first list the states that do not allow medical or recreational marijuana, thus no home-growing whatsoever:
- North Carolina
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
Cannabis lovers in these states will have to wait to grow their own gorgeous green garden. With the wave of legalization occurring across the country, we can only hope that our friends in these states will soon be able to enjoy growing their own cannabis before long.
States with Medical Cannabis but No Home Growing Allowed
Many states that do allow medical cannabis do not allow for medical patients to grow their own marijuana. These residents can legally purchase marijuana from approved medical dispensaries. The following states approve medical cannabis but do not allow any home growing:
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New York
- North Dakota
- West Virginia
States that Allow Cannabis Home Growing
While many states do allow some legal use of marijuana, each state has different rules regarding medical or recreational growing of cannabis. Some states allow home growing for medical patients only, even if recreational weed is legal in the state. Other states that allow both medical and recreational allow home growing for any purpose. Here is a breakdown of the states that do allow some form of marijuana, medical and/or recreational use and the laws regarding home growing your own marijuana:
Alaska – Medical and Recreational Allowed
Alaskans 21 and over are allowed to grow up to 6 cannabis plants for medical or adult recreational use, although must remember that only 3 plants are allowed to be mature at one time. If more than one adult reside together, the maximum number of plants allowed to grow on the property is 12, with no more than 6 matured.
Arizona – Medical Growing Only
Home growing is allowed for medical patients that happen to reside more than 25 miles away from their closed dispensary, with a limit of up to 12 plants that must be in a protected area.
California – Medical and Recreational Growing Allowed
Adults 21 and over may grow up to 6 plants for personal use, while medical cannabis patients have no state maximum and are allowed to grow whatever they need within a 100 sq-foot area. Local jurisdictions may set their home cultivation restrictions.
Colorado – Medical and Recreational Growing Allowed
Citizens of Colorado are allowed to grow up to 6 cannabis plants for medical or recreational use, with no more than 3 mature at one time. Medical patients may petition for a larger amount due to a debilitating condition. Caregivers are allowed to cultivate up to 36 plants to treat a maximum of 5 patients.
Hawaii – Medical Growing Only
In the Aloha state, medical cannabis patients and caregivers may cultivate up to 10 plants but must register with the state as a cultivator. Hawaii also allows medical reciprocity with out-of-state medical cannabis cardholders.
Illinois – Medical Growing Only
In the state of Illinois, medical cannabis patients are allowed to grow up to 5 plants at one time.
Maine – Medical and Recreational Growing Allowed
Maine allows adults 21 and older to grow up to 6 plants and 12 immature plants, with medical and recreational cultivation allowed to grow the same amount.
Massachusetts – Medical and Recreational Growing Allowed
Adults 21 and over can grow up to 6 plants, with a cap of 12 plants for homes with 2 or more adults.
Michigan – Medical and Recreational Growing Allowed
Residents of the Great Lakes State 21 and over can grow up to 12 plants at home. Registered caregivers can grow up to 60 plants maximum if treating the limit of five patients.
Medical cannabis patients in the Show Me state can grow up to 6 cannabis plants at home in a secure, enclosed space.
Montana – Medical Growing Only
Medical cannabis patients in the state of Montana can grow up to four cannabis plants or 12 seedlings at one time. If two adult, medical marijuana patients look at the same residence, they are allowed to grow up to eight plants and eight seedlings. Home growing must be recorded to the Montana Department of Public Health.
Nevada – Medical and Recreational Growing Allowed, with Exceptions
In Nevada, both medical and recreational growing are allowed with exceptions. For medical cannabis patients in Nevada, they can grow their own only if a dispensary is more than 25 miles anyway, they are unable to travel to a dispensary, the strain they need is not provided at the dispensary, or if they were already home growing prior to July 1, 2013.
Adult recreational growing is allowed for adults to live 25 miles or more from a licensed dispensary with up to six plants per person or 12 per household. All growing must occur in a secure, enclosed space and landlords or property owners can prohibit growing on the site.
New Mexico – Medical Home Growing Only
Medical marijuana patients in New Mexico and caregivers are allowed to grow up to 16 plants with only 4 allowed to be mature.
In Oklahoma, medical cannabis patients are allowed to home grow up to 6 mature plants and 6 seedlings.
Oregon – Medical and Recreational Growing Allowed
Oregon residents 21 and over can grow up to 4 plants for personal use, caregivers may grow up to 8 plants with 6 allowed to be mature at one time.
Rhode Island – Medical Growing
Medical cannabis patients in Rhode Island are allowed to grow up to 12 plants and 12 seedlings at home in an indoor setting only.
Vermont – Medical and Recreational Growing Allowed
Residence in Vermont can grow up to 9 cannabis plants with only 2 allowed to be mature at one time.
Washington State – Medical Growing Only
Medical marijuana patients in Washington can grow up to 6 plants at home, although this can be increased to 15 with a doctor recommendation.
Washington, D.C. – Recreational Growing Only
Adults 21 years or older living in Washington D.C. may grow up to 6 plants for personal, recreational use with 3 mature and 3 seedlings. Medical home cultivation is not permitted in the nation’s capital.
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