Phenolic compounds are a diverse group of secondary metabolites found in cannabis plants that play a crucial role in both the plant’s physiology and its potential benefits for humans. These compounds are characterized by their aromatic benzene ring structure with one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups attached. In cannabis, phenolic compounds include flavonoids, lignans, and stilbenes, among others. These compounds contribute to the plant’s color, flavor, and antioxidant properties. Research suggests that phenolic compounds in cannabis may also have potential health benefits for humans, including anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects.